Water 101: Sources and Uses for
Different Types of Water
Water may seem like such a simple
thing. After all, we reach for it several times a day, from simple hydration
needs to cleaning dishes and sterilizing equipment. But do you know there are
several types of water, each with various benefits? Your specific water needs determine
which type of water is best for you.
At Century Springs, high water
quality is of most importance to us. We offer many types of drinking water,
including spring water, purified water, distilled water and fluoridated water.
Spring water is water that
naturally flows to the earth’s surface. It’s collected in one of two ways: at
the spring or through a borehole that taps the underground foundation of a
spring. Because spring water is water that occurs naturally, the water quality
is high, free of chemicals and minerals. Many people prefer to drink spring
water because they like the taste of it. Spring water is often used in bottledwater.
Purified water means the water has
been produced through one of several purified water processes, which include
distillation, deionization and reverse osmosis. These processes remove any
impurities from the water; thus, the name purified water. Given its
purification process and high water quality, purified drinking water is also a
Distilled water is created after a
thorough filtration process known as distillation. Water is boiled to such a
high temperature that its contaminants, such as minerals, salts, metals and
chemical additives, are boiled out. The water turns to steam as it boils. The
steam is then trapped and cooled, becoming pure distilled water. Because
water’s natural minerals are removed through the distillation process, some
consumers say distilled water has a flat taste.
is used in various facilities, such as child care centers and plastic injection
molding manufacturers. Its uses are widespread, including testing equipment,
household appliances, and metal sterilization and to prevent discoloration in
Here’s a little-known fun fact:
Since distillation is one of the processes used to purify water, distilled
water is actually a type of purified water.
Fluoridated water means fluoride
has been added to the water in order to help improve dental health in those
consuming it. The Centers for DiseaseControl and Prevention (CDC)
has reported that drinking fluoridated
water reduces tooth decay and cavities in children and adults by approximately
25%. While all water contains some fluoride, it’s typically not a high enough
level to have much of an affect on
consumers’ teeth. Adding levels of fluoride to water is a relatively simple,
cost-effective way to improve a community’s overall dental health.
High pH water
High pH water, also known as
alkaline water, means that the pH level is higher than typical drinking water,
which has a pH level of 7. Alkaline water usually has a pH level of 8 or 9. Thereare various studies out
there that say high pH water can regulate a
body’s pH level, help to prevent diseases such as cancer and heart disease, and
offer additional health benefits to those dealing with high cholesterol, high
blood pressure or diabetes.
Because more research is still
being done on this topic, the
recommends regular drinking water for most consumers.
According to the WisconsinDepartment of Natural Resources
, approximately two thirds of
people living in Wisconsin get their drinking water from groundwater. Groundwater
contains dissolved minerals and such as calcium, iron, and sulfates. Groundwater
is obtained from wells by a municipal system, then sent through a public water
system where it is treated to ensure it is safe for human consumption.
Residents access this water through the faucets in their home. Groundwater also
is obtained from private wells when homes are not located on public water
systems. In this case, the private well owner is responsible for testing and
ensuring the safety and quality of their drinking water.
Some public water systems obtain their
drinking water from lakes, which is surface water. Surface water is not normally
high in mineral content. This water also needs to adhere to maximum contaminant limits
set by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) that ensure the
water is safe for human consumption.
Groundwater and surface water can become
contaminated after being treated, largely due to the quality of plumbing and
service lines it passes through as it moves from its source to a home’s kitchen
faucet. Learn more about lead in drinking water from the Wisconsin DNR.
As you can see, there are many
types of drinking water available, each with various characteristics and
benefits. Water quality, production processes and the intended use of the water
all play a factor in which type of water is best for you.
Century Springs offers Spring,
Distilled, Fluoridated and Purified water conveniently delivered to your door
with friendly service and an affordable price. Our natural spring in Mukwonago,
Wisconsin has been providing crisp, clean water to the community for more than
100 years. If you have additional questions on types of drinking water, please
take a look at our FAQ
page or contact us