Water 101

Water 101: Sources and Uses for Different Types of Water  
 
Water may seem like such a simple thing. After all, we reach for it several times a day, from simple hydration needs to cleaning dishes and sterilizing equipment. But do you know there are several types of water, each with various benefits? Your specific water needs determine which type of water is best for you.  
 
At Century Springs, high water quality is of most importance to us. We offer many types of drinking water, including spring water, purified water, distilled water and fluoridated water.  
 
Spring water
 Spring water is water that naturally flows to the earth’s surface. It’s collected in one of two ways: at the spring or through a borehole that taps the underground foundation of a spring. Because spring water is water that occurs naturally, the water quality is high, free of chemicals and minerals. Many people prefer to drink spring water because they like the taste of it. Spring water is often used in bottledwater.  
 
Purified water
Purified water means the water has been produced through one of several purified water processes, which include distillation, deionization and reverse osmosis. These processes remove any impurities from the water; thus, the name purified water. Given its purification process and high water quality, purified drinking water is also a consumer favorite.    
 
Distilled water
Distilled water is created after a thorough filtration process known as distillation. Water is boiled to such a high temperature that its contaminants, such as minerals, salts, metals and chemical additives, are boiled out. The water turns to steam as it boils. The steam is then trapped and cooled, becoming pure distilled water. Because water’s natural minerals are removed through the distillation process, some consumers say distilled water has a flat taste.   Distilled water is used in various facilities, such as child care centers and plastic injection molding manufacturers. Its uses are widespread, including testing equipment, household appliances, and metal sterilization and to prevent discoloration in prepared foods.   Here’s a little-known fun fact: Since distillation is one of the processes used to purify water, distilled water is actually a type of purified water.  
 
Fluoridated water
Fluoridated water means fluoride has been added to the water in order to help improve dental health in those consuming it. The Centers for DiseaseControl and Prevention (CDC) has reported that drinking fluoridated water reduces tooth decay and cavities in children and adults by approximately 25%. While all water contains some fluoride, it’s typically not a high enough level to have much of an affect on consumers’ teeth. Adding levels of fluoride to water is a relatively simple, cost-effective way to improve a community’s overall dental health.        
 
High pH water
High pH water, also known as alkaline water, means that the pH level is higher than typical drinking water, which has a pH level of 7. Alkaline water usually has a pH level of 8 or 9. Thereare various studies out there that say high pH water can regulate a body’s pH level, help to prevent diseases such as cancer and heart disease, and offer additional health benefits to those dealing with high cholesterol, high blood pressure or diabetes.   Because more research is still being done on this topic, the Mayo Clinic recommends regular drinking water for most consumers.  
 
Groundwater (tap)
According to the WisconsinDepartment of Natural Resources, approximately two thirds of people living in Wisconsin get their drinking water from groundwater. Groundwater contains dissolved minerals and such as calcium, iron, and sulfates. Groundwater is obtained from wells by a municipal system, then sent through a public water system where it is treated to ensure it is safe for human consumption. Residents access this water through the faucets in their home. Groundwater also is obtained from private wells when homes are not located on public water systems. In this case, the private well owner is responsible for testing and ensuring the safety and quality of their drinking water.  
 
Surface water (tap)
 Some public water systems obtain their drinking water from lakes, which is surface water. Surface water is not normally high in mineral content. This water also needs to adhere to maximum contaminant limits set by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) that ensure the water is safe for human consumption.   Groundwater and surface water can become contaminated after being treated, largely due to the quality of plumbing and service lines it passes through as it moves from its source to a home’s kitchen faucet. Learn more about lead in drinking water from the Wisconsin DNR.  
 
As you can see, there are many types of drinking water available, each with various characteristics and benefits. Water quality, production processes and the intended use of the water all play a factor in which type of water is best for you.  
 
Century Springs offers Spring, Distilled, Fluoridated and Purified water conveniently delivered to your door with friendly service and an affordable price. Our natural spring in Mukwonago, Wisconsin has been providing crisp, clean water to the community for more than 100 years. If you have additional questions on types of drinking water, please take a look at our FAQ page or contact us!